Twenty-Third Day of October


This Day, the Twenty-Third Day of October
of Ossuma, in Spain, near Cadiz, the holy martyrs Servandus and Germanus, in the persecution of Diocletian, under the lieutenant Viator. After being subjected to scourging, imprisonment in a foul dungeon, want of food and drink, and the fatigue of a very long journey, which they had to perform loaded with fetters, they at length reached the term of their martyrdom by having their heads stricken off. Germanus was buried at Merida, and Servandus at Seville.

At Antioch, in Syria, the birthday of the holy priest St. Theodore, who was arrested in the persecution of the impious Julian. After being racked, after suffering many severe torments, and the burning of his sides with torches, as he persevered in the confession of Christ, he was put to the sword, and thus consummated his martyrdom.

At Granada, in Spain, blessed Peter Paschasius, bishop of Jaen and martyr, of the Order of Mercedarians. He suffered on the 6th of December.

At Constantinople, St. Ignatius, bishop, who, for having reproved the emperor Bardas for putting away his wife, was subjected by him to many insults and driven into banishment. Being restored to his See by the Roman Pontiff Nicholas, he finally rested in peace.

At Bordeaux, St. Severin, bishop of Cologne and confessor.

At Rouen, St. Romanus, bishop.

At Salerno, St. Verus, bishop.

In Picardy, St. Domitius, priest.

In Poitiers, St. Benedict, confessor.

P2V: At Vicenza in Italy, Blessed Bartholomew Breganza, bishop and confessor, of the Order of St. Dominic. He was first placed in charge of the see at Limassol (on the island of Cyprus); afterward, he was in charge of the see of Vicenza. Because of his outstanding piety and his labors for spreading the Catholic religion, he was most highly regarded by Pope Gregory IX (to whom he was an advisor), as well as by other Sovereign Pontiffs, and by St. Louis, King of France.

P2V: At Mantua, Blessed John the Good, confessor, of the Order of the Hermits of St. Augustine, whose excellent life was written by St. Antoninus.

P2V: St. Antony Mary Claret, bishop and confessor, whose birthday is recorded tomorrow.

Near Villack, in Hungary, St. John of Capistrano, confessor, of the Order of the Friars Minor illustrious by the sanctity of his life, and his zeal for the propagation of the Catholic faith. By his prayers and miracles, he routed a most powerful army of Turks and forced them to raise the siege of Belgrade.

And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.

Omnes sancti Mártyres, oráte pro nobis. ("All ye Holy Martyrs, pray for us", from the Litaniae Sanctorum, the Litany of the Saints)

Response: Thanks be to God.