Ecclesia Supplet - The Church Supplies.

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There has been a concern over the years, as with a misunderstanding relating to the nature and “existence” of Archbishop Lefebvre’s sspx after the illegal suspension of June 29, 1975; as too, with the nature and existence of all the other religious congregations fighting for Tradition.

Certainly much has been said of this elsewhere over the years; however, it is good to have a fresh look at it since Bishop Fellay is systematically dismantling Archbishop Lefebvre’s sspx into a clone of an Ecclesia Dei pod.

I have also brought this in attention What is the Real Canonical Status of the SSPX….

But this article is to look at the Canonical situation of the other religious orders in Tradition today after their own recent breakups influenced and abetted by Bishop Fellay; and of the recent illegal suppression by him against some SSPX priests now united in the SSPX-Marian Corps and the SSPX Bishop who was expelled also.

Of course the sspx is not the church, nor is any other traditional congregation. The Church is, says the Catechism, is where the baptized are; having the four marks of the Church: One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic.

While there is a lot of debate going on over this question, the main arguments brought up by others is the “legal” and “canonical” aspect of those who are trying to form themselves together in order to continue in the sanctification and life of the Faith.

First an understanding; posed by some good questions in which is key to all of this.

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#1, Is "Supplied Jurisdiction" only a canonical concept or a theological one as well?

#2, Can one use the State of Necessity and/or Supplied Jurisdiction to continue an Order of the Church if the original Order compromised against the Faith without having the nominated Superior as the “legal” authority?

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#1, It is first Theological; under the Positive Divine Law of "Salus animarum suprema lex"—"The supreme law is the salvation of souls."

Then Canonically; in order to support the Divine Law explicitly, as too, all other Laws under the Divine Law is at the service of the Faith; not the other way around as some hecklers would have it.

#2, Yes. "Ecclesia supplet" —"the Church supplies" for the good of souls when there is a breach of the Order's constitution from any and all Members within that constitution. The same applies to the present situation with the SSPX-Marian Corps and the SSPX Bishop.

In other words, the existence of the Order is also based on a positive Divine Law held within the vows or promises of that Order, including within each vow and promise of the individual Member(s) of that Order, they exist in the graces God had promised in return. It is thus a "contract" if you will that was made with God for His honor and Glory; therefore, as the Order is trying to exist within its fidelity to God, whether as a whole or as an individual in unjust circumstances, God also fulfills His Vow and promises to remain faithful to give the necessary graces for the Order's existence unto itself, and unto its Members.

Other than a Pope, only the infidelity of an "eclipse" of all of the Members will disavow the order completely. So as long as there are standing Members remaining faithful to the order, whether it is a priest, brother, sister, or third order, they have a right to continue to exist. If there is no ordinary authority to help to that end, then "Ecclesia supplet" —"the Church supplies" for the good of those souls. That in fact is how the present Capuchins, Dominicans, Benedictines, etc, are existing; under this positive Divine Law.

It is worth noting also three other things:

1). That if an Order did not exist before, one cannot start an Order without the channels of grace emanating from our Lord's Church; He gave it power to do such things, and as Holy Scripture shows, He does not go "outside" of His own order except for a Divine intervention of a Miracle.

If then there is a crisis within the Church, it is better to remain patient until God provides; He always does.

2). The only thing that would bless an [unfortunate] division within an Order, however, is until after every effort was made, and reasonable means used to show the superior that there is error(s) against the Faith and against the good of the community; and thus against the true honor and Glory of God. This is what the SSPX priests had done before they were unjustly expelled; now formed as the SSPX-Marian Corps. It is an example of Holy Scripture, seek to convert, and if needed, bring counsel…

“But if thy brother shall offend against thee, go, and rebuke him between thee and him alone. If he shall hear thee, thou shalt gain thy brother. And if he will not hear thee, take with thee one or two more: that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may stand. And if he will not hear them: tell the church. And if he will not hear the church, let him be to thee as the heathen and publican.” (Matthew 18).

This is also in the Rule of St. Benedict.

3). If there is a crisis, or a breach of infidelity with the Order, which is the case we are in, the situation of the recent splits in some various religious Orders, as with the SSPX-Marian Corps, that if God had later made a true restoration of that order, then it is wanting and expedient for all to pursue cordial amends to the restored Superior of that Order for the good of the whole. Church history shows that when this situation had happened before, and if there was a large springing up by God’s grace and blessing of those “outside” of that order trying to remain faithful, it is recognized that there would be a reconciliation for the whole order to be “healed” and continue to grow together under the original community, if can happen, adding those new houses of formation, and or apostolates; at the wisdom and discretion of the restored Superior.

This is the same knowledge and submission Archbishop Lefebvre asked of the 4-new Bishops to promise before they were consecrated in 1988; that when Catholic Rome is restored with a true restoration, and it will happen in the promises of our Lady of Fatima, then they must go to that restored reigning Pope and place their miter(s) at his feet for him to do as he wishes with wisdom and discretion; the 4-to be Bishops said yes; then ABL consecrated them.

The Faith comes before any Law; and all other Laws under the Divine Law is at the service of the Faith

In understanding this, it is thus disingenuous for anyone to try and highjack that path of Positive Divine Law for us to maintain on, and morph it into a “legalistic” idea of being a "new canonical foundation". No such thing; like St. Athanasius, we need to maintain what we already have -the sanctification and continuation of the Statues of the SSPX- for the SSPX-Marian Corps- which it is trying to maintain, and the continuation of the original constitutions of the other religious Orders. But it is only returned by men with an attitude of independence.

If only men would remove their independence, we would have fewer crises in the world.

As someone had aptly pointed out:

“If the law is the sole guide, then there is no room for the self-abandonment of depending entirely on God. The Spirit of Charity is totally absent; and the need for the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit to guide and instruct are but ornaments.

"The saints give evidence time and time again, especially the martyrs, of coming to the end of human knowledge/law and throwing themselves on God's mercy for help/strength/perseverance during darkness/enlightenment/instruction/guidance. David, in the Old Testament horrified the priests of his time when he ate the food from the temple because he was hungry. God gives this power to his saints when law can obstruct Charity. I believe with all my heart that when a soul is abandoned and desolate God does his best work. When one is thrown entirely on God's mercy He supplies the graces necessary for the soul. True faith creates!”

Thus it is a question of self-preservation to continue with the vows and promises made to God; and God’s faithfulness in return to those souls.

“Ecclesia Supplet” - The Church Supplies.

 
D

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There are some questions, and some correct and incorrect concepts, that are common within the fight of Tradition that leads to a confusion.

If I can help address some of these.

1. “Supplied jurisdiction" is strictly a canonical term.
2. Therefore it is not to be used for defending the continuation of a Religious Order outside of the normal structures.
3. Rather, the correct term for this is the "state of necessity”.
4. Which is a theological term.



1). “Supplied jurisdiction" is strictly a canonical term.

Supplied Jurisdiction is being used today in a context that does not give to it its full meaning; mostly from sedevacantist. They use it only as a term of “legalism”, not with its other attributes, and therefore loses its meaning.

Firstly, Supplied Jurisdiction, in its language, is an ecclesiastical law; it is derived from Divine Positive Law, and is a form of delegation by the power of Christ supplied by His Church for the salvations of souls.

By law,
A). It enables a priest to go “outside” of his ordinary jurisdiction to give God’s grace to souls who are in need. For a case in point, a priest who is otherwise unauthorized to validly absolve penitents in the sacrament of confession, it gives him a jurisdiction that is supplied in the case of common error (when people think that the priest has jurisdiction); in doubt of law or fact, assuming that the doubt is sincere; and if a priest's jurisdiction had inadvertently expired.

B). It enables a priest who is in a crisis, under duress of his religious order, a jurisdiction supplied from the Church to give the Sacraments to souls upon request “outside” of his Order; yet in fulfilment to the Positive Law within the constitutions of his Order and within the Church as a whole, for the good of souls, and self-preservation. [This is the crisis case we are in today.]

By virtue, it enables the act of the Church’s goodness to transcend all boundaries.

By power, it enables the act of Redemption to sanctify souls who are in need of grace and to give life to souls that may be “dead” in sin.

By act, it enables all Laws, under the Divine Laws, to be in service to this supreme Law of the Church "Salus animarum suprema lex"—"The supreme law is the salvation of souls."

Thus, Supplied Jurisdiction is a power from Christ to effect grace from within a difficult position; whether imposed or in consequence.

Therefore, Supplied Jurisdiction is NOT strictly a Canonical term; its virtue, power, and act is encompassed in the Theological Positive Law of God; as all Church Law has its origin.

2). Therefore is not to be used for defending the continuation of the religious orders outside the normal structures.

Supplied Jurisdiction is one of life. The enemies of God know this; that is why they attack it, water it down, and try to make it meaningless; like everything else they do.

Supplied Jurisdiction is one of Supplied Authority. It is a transfer of authority directly from Christ, who is the Head of His Church, to souls who are in need under certain circumstances of duress or crisis from the normal means to acquire the graces of salvation. As such, Supplied Jurisdiction is everything to the life and existence of a religious Order as it is to the need and life of a soul.

Adding to the article I just put up, “Ecclesia Supplet - The Church Supplies”, which explains in more detail the nature of why Supplied Jurisdiction DOES defend the continuation of a religious Order, because it is in a right to exist, that without that Divine Positive Law of Supplied Jurisdiction for the Church to function under adversity, our Lord’s command to go and baptize the four corners of the world and sanctify souls would come to a halt and naught without this means for the Faith, outside of which there is no salvation, to work unmolested from any commands of bad prelates being forced under false obedience in want for us to commit or to do something contrary to the Faith.

So Supplied Jurisdiction is an organic Law; as God is organic in substance, not sterile.

3. Rather, the correct term for this is the "state of necessity”.

The “state of necessity” is a term to describe a situation. It could be a situation within a natural cause of an earthquake, a family issue, or from political anarchy. Supplied Jurisdiction is a term to describe a permission to act. It is the only recourse that governs an act out of the ordinary; such as a religious Order needing a defense and permission to exist outside of normal structures.

4. Which is a theological term.

As described above, the “state of necessity” describes a situation; one of natural causes, and or, of a crisis of human interaction.

Theological terms come from revelation; Revealed Law or also called Divine Positive Law. Theological terms govern all creation and creative processes. It gives life to Canon Law and all other Laws for the common good. It is Theological terms that ordained Supplied Jurisdiction as a means to give grace unadultered, a bridge if you will, directly from Christ, who governs at the Head of His Church, to the dire need(s) of the soul; that is Wisdom and Mercy, an organized and encompassed act of His Justice to provide His promises that the gates of hell shall not prevail.

Therefore, Supplied Jurisdiction has everything to do with Divine Positive Law, and has everything to do with the promises and life of a religious Order to exist and for its self-preservation.

 

Admin

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Supplied Jurisdiction is one of Supplied Authority. It is a transfer of authority directly from Christ, who is the Head of His Church, to souls who are in need under certain circumstances of duress or crisis from the normal means to acquire the graces of salvation [...].
This is very consoling knowledge for those Catholics, who, in a state of grace, have been refused the Sacraments unless obedient to the dictates of the Superiors of the neo-SSPX. Many souls have been abandoned by those priests who have become little gods themselves; who have imposed their own conditions on who should or should not receive the Sacraments; who have pre-judged a soul as unworthy to seek God's mercy through the Sacraments without knowing anything about the penitent soul's condition.

The proud pharisee judges the humble Samaritan about whom Our Lord said:


I say unto you, This [man] went down to his house justified rather than that [other]. For every one who exalts himself shall be humbled, and he that humbles himself shall be exalted. Luke 18 : 14

And those desitute souls who refuse to follow leaders into the counterfeit Church knowing their obedience, as demanded above, will put their faith in danger....they too will be consoled when they have nowhere else to go but throw themselves on God's Mercy - and my goodness -<font color="0c0c0c"> how He loves to to supply it.

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D

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Here is another good question.

Q. Does supplied jurisdiction give a superior the right to give commands and an inferior the duty to obey those commands? If so, would it be under the pain of sin?

A. Yes, and yes. [Note: To the first yes, if the superior is in subject within the crisis to provide his inferiors the graces of redemption. No, if it was that superior that was causing the crisis; then it is a duty to disobey him.]

As explained in the other answers, supplied jurisdiction is a means to give the life of grace when a soul is in crisis; it doesn’t change anything in the life and body of the community if the whole community needs protection. Supplied jurisdiction is to provide another means to exist for that soul or that community to continue to receive God’s grace.

Because a religious community is a unity of souls bound by a common vow or promise to serve God, supplied jurisdiction provides that body, common to those souls to have life, to function in peace, order, and justice, for the good and purpose for those souls to foster and secure those vows or promises.

Therefore, in a common society of souls consecrated to the virtue of religion, there needs an order of a superior for souls to amend their life in example of our Lord. Obedience is a virtue that our Lord had shown perfectly to His Father and in fulfillment to the laws of the Old Testament. It is thus a necessity for the inferiors to have a superior to perfect their vows of religion and to the good of their society. Archbishop Lefebvre shows this in his SSPX; and the life in the other Traditional Religious Orders who are in this crisis.

Remembering that supplied jurisdiction is only another means that God provides to souls to acquire the same effects of grace that one normally would receive under an ordinary cause. It is only because there is a crisis, from no fault of the soul, that God provides another route. Even if there was no “concept” of the words or terms of supplied jurisdiction for men to understand the avenues of grace, God will always be faithful and provide His life to souls who want to be faithful to Him.

No crisis situation will ever remove the life or the virtue of the organic needs to serve God in order to fulfill our promises and fidelity of our Baptism. Baptism is a consecration of a soul to God; no one can remove that mark or bond with God; and God's bond to us.

A law is only good if it serves the end it was created for, in this case, for the salvation of souls; even when souls are bound in a society of common vows or promises.

Here are some links that will help understand some of these topics:

www.sspx.org/en/supplied-jurisdiction-traditional-priests
www.sspxasia.com/Documents/SiSiNoNo/1999_July/The_1988_Consecrations.htm
www.sspxasia.com/Documents/SiSiNoNo/1999_September/The_1988_Consecrations.htm

 
D

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As everyone and everything is encompassed and suffering in this crisis of the Church, including the secular world, it is important to mention also the Traditional Third Orders and their specific suffering. How do they fit in this crisis?

It is necessary for us to have Religious Third Orders and for them to persevere in their profession(s); whether it is in a vow or a promise. Today we have the Traditional Carmelite Third Order, Dominican Third Order, Franciscan Third Order, SSPX Third Order; but now a compromised n-sspx. We certainly need more graces flowing in souls and into society from these dedicated souls who wish to be a channel of God's grace.

For those who do not know, a Third Order is blessed by the Church in the 1917 Code of Canon Law; they are true Members who are a PART of the Religious community as a whole; without which, the Religious community suffers from want.

If there was an unfortunate split within this new crisis we are having, as is happening with the sspx, Dominicans, Capuchin's of Morgon, and you are trying to be faithful and fulfill your vows or promises, but it is your superior who is changing the Faith for you to submit to, it is not you in defect and who is the one who is changing the Rule of the Order; the Order is still with you in virtue of your vows or promises.
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If there turned to be a situation to have a formation "outside" of the normal community because of the new novelties and errors within that community, it may be necessary to “start” another community; though in reality and principle, it is only a continuation of that same community you are already in in order to receive all of the graces to continue to exist; but now in need of a [priest] director to guide you. Understandable though, if you cannot “legally” continue in the community name given to you from your superior who had now [defected] from the Faith, like the situation with the SSPX-Marian Corps, that you would need a name to represent your [legal] identity to continue in your vocation(s).

Thus, with a new priest directing you, he is not giving it "authority"; the authority comes from your vows or promises within the religious order itself; for your needs to exist.

Such Members who are in this present day crisis and are showing that they want to be faithful to their vows or promises, the grace is with you to find the answers you need within this crisis.

I did some research on line hoping to find within the archives of sspx.org this very subject when they explained the necessity of their Third order, and the affiliated third orders of the other traditional communities, however, they scrubbed those archives when they "branded". None the less, I had found the “RULE OF THE THIRD ORDER SECULAR OF ST. FRANCIS”. archives.sspx.org/third_orders/tosf/tosf_rule_and_general_constitutions-abridged.pdf

On page 9 of 19 of that Rule, Section V - Unaffiliated or Isolated Tertiaries, Article 31, says:
“All superiors may receive isolated tertiaries without seeking the consent of the local ordinary (can. 703, §2); others may do so, however, only if they have obtained the proper faculty from the competent superior [Ed. though in this new crisis you cannot]. This faculty can be granted for prudent reasons to priests who do not belong to the Franciscan Order, always without prejudice to the regulation of Article 34.”

As such, because there is [estrangement] from your superior, the faculty is granted to other priests who are not of the Order to give [your] needed directions.

In the rest of that Rule, Articles 32-38, is wishes that [you] continue your ties, if can be, with your [estranged] superior in the virtue and bonds of Charity that you have for each other.

To apply another example:
There is a husband/father that had caused a crisis situation within the family, as the wife and children are a PART of the family, and he was trying to change the faith of that family, the wife and children have a right and duty to resists in all prudence and charity. So if the father ended up [leaving] in adultery to another religion, it does not mean that the wife/mother and children have lost their right of existence within the family.

The wife/mother still has authority to govern in steed of an absence; and the children still need to obey in virtue of their nature of their real attachment to the family; this is in illustration to the real attachment of a third order member in their vow or promises to the family of the community.

You have a right to exist in your vows or promises; no one can take that away from you, and the Church gives to you the means necessary to do so under your Rule and within the state of necessity you are in and the Supreme Law of the Church -for the salvation of souls- applies supplied jurisdiction for that end.
 
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