GRAVISIMO: THE SYNOD APPROVES THE ORDER OF MARRIED PRIESTS AND A NEW "AMAZON RITE"
The Synod approved to order married priests for the Amazon and the introduction of “ecological sin”
The initiatives were included in the final document that was voted by the bishops today and has been one of the most controversial issues in these three weeks of debate. In addition, the Pontiff announced that he will reconvene the commission on female diaconate: "I pick up the glove of women being heard"
The Synod on the Amazon approved today the proposal to be able to order priests to married men in the most isolated areas of this region, an initiative included in the final document that was voted today by the bishops and that has been one of the most controversial issues in These three weeks of debate.
"We propose (...) to ordain priests to suitable and recognized men of the community who have a fruitful diaconate and receive adequate training for the presbyterate, being able to have a legitimately constituted and stable family," reads point 111 of the document, which got 128 votes in favor and 41 against.
According to the rules of the Synod, each of the points in the final document - the result of the petitions and debates of these days - to be approved needed the vote in favor of two thirds of the bishops present, which today was 120.
The 120 points of the final document were approved by two thirds of the bishops, but the one related to married priests was the one that registered the most adjusted result and the one that received the most votes against, 41.
The final document now passed to Pope Francis, who, as he announced today, will prepare a document, a post-synodal apostolic exhortation, on the issues addressed and his decision on the proposal of the so-called “viri probati” will be seen, the men of proven faith who, at Despite being married, they could be priests.
The possible ordination of married men, and therefore the suspension of celibacy, is one of the points most criticized by some bishops or cardinals such as the former prefect of the Doctrine of the Faith Cardinal Gerhard Muller or the prefect of the Congregation for the Divine Worship, Robert Sarah.
At this point it was also requested to take the proposal of the ordination of married people to a universal debate.
The final document argues at point 111 that "many of the ecclesial communities of the Amazonian territory have enormous difficulties in accessing the Eucharist. Sometimes it takes not only months, but even years for a priest to celebrate it or perform a sacrament of reconciliation or the anointing of the sick. "
Also in point 104 it is argued that the promotion and formation of the “permanent diaconate” for these areas is urgent, that is, the lay person who can baptize, bless marriages, assist the sick, celebrate the liturgy of the Word, preach and evangelize, But don't celebrate mass.
Likewise, the request that women may exercise new ministries, such as being able to read the Scriptures or assist in the mass and distribute communion, and to "be heard" about the possibility of ordination of deaconesses, was approved.
The bishops approved "to review the document of St. Paul VI 'Ministeria quedam' so that women, properly trained and prepared, can also receive the ministries of the Lectorate and the Acolyte among others to be developed."
The document explains that, although in many consultations the permanent diaconate was requested for women and the topic was very present, the Pope commissioned a commission in 2016 to reach a partial result and, therefore, proposes to be able to "Share experiences and reflections with the commission and look forward to your results."
This point was also one of the most discussed, with 137 votes in favor and 30 against.
In this regard, in his closing speech, Pope Francis announced that he will reactivate this commission, after the “challenge” launched at the Synod with the provision of more staff to continue studying what the role was or if there were the so-called deaconesses in the early years of Christianity
“ I will try to redo this with the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, and assume new people in this commission. I pick up the glove they have said around here, and it is that women are heard, ”said Francisco announcing that he will again convene the commission on the female diaconate created in 2016 and that after two years of study he did not reach any conclusion about the function of deaconesses or about their own existence at the beginning of Christianity.
“We have not yet realized what the woman means in the Church, and we remain only in the functional part. It is important, they have to be on the councils ... but their role goes far beyond functionality, ”said the Pontiff.
The text also analyzes and denounces the situation of the Amazon and its original populations and affirms that "the Church is committed to being an ally of the Amazonian peoples to denounce the attacks on the life of the indigenous communities, the projects that affect the environment environment, the lack of demarcation of their territories, as well as the economic model of predatory development. "
The 184 “synod fathers,” among bishops and cardinals, the majority of Latin Americans from the nine countries of the Amazon basin, consider that “ecological sin” is an offense to others, the community and the environment and proposed the creation of a “fund worldwide ”that“ promotes integral and self-sustainable development ”in Amazonia and protects its inhabitants“ from predatory craving ”.
Another of the most controversial points was also approved, that of studying an Amazonian rite in the celebrations to give “a response to the request of the communities” and in which “the worldview, traditions, symbols and original rites are valued that include transcendent, community and ecological dimensions ”.
SEE THE FINAL DOCUMENT OF THE SYNOD HERE