Below is an excerpt from a 1993 article from the SSPX Saint Ignatius Retreat House in Ridgefield, Connecticut. The article, entitled “The Revolution,” was written by Jean-Luc Lafitte, former retreat master there, and in it, he tells what “the revolution” is, its causes, etc. A part that's well explained in the article is the history of “the revolution.” I’ve typed out that part here below, along with a clarification from Father Lafitte which is found at the beginning of the article. (Fr. Lafitte’s emphasis is underlined; my emphasis is in bold and underlined) Fr. Lafitte: THE REVOLUTION (excerpt) Clarification: In this Letter 32, I am using the word “Revolution” in its generic sense. Therefore, it applies to any revolution, be it the American revolution (1776), the so-called French revolution (1789), the Russian revolution (1917), the Vatican II revolution (1961-1965). The point of interest for us is the spirit behind each of these revolutions and this spirit is the same: the liberal and naturalistic humanism of “liberty-equality-fraternity.” The differences between these revolutions are historical and accidental, while the substance is the same for each of them. [Fr. Lafitte also states the following a bit further in the article] It is of the utmost importance to note that: The revolution is not a transitory fact, but a permanent state of motion; it is a permanent revolution! ... Its History: Let us try to outline the process of the revolution, which is nothing but a process of de-Catholicization. If the efficient cause of the revolution is the devil himself, we must go back to the revolt of Lucifer and his “I will not serve” to find the root of the revolutionary principles. Then, Adam and Eve, through original sin, will place inside our hearts the wounds of ignorance, weakness, malice, and concupiscence. After the death of Our Lord Jesus Christ, the Catholic Church spreads everywhere to bring the message of the Gospel to the entire world. The highest degree of Catholic civilization will be reached during the middle of the XIII century, the century of the holy preachers Saints Francis, Dominic, Bonaventure, the great philosophers Saints Thomas Aquinas, Albert the Great, and the holy Kings Saint Ferdinand of Spain, Louis of France, Henry of Germany. At that time, the Catholic Church and the state were perfectly united in Europe, the Law of the Ten Commandments was considered as state law, religious indifferentism and liberty of conscience were condemned by both Church and state. As said Pope Leo XIII in his encyclical, Immortale Dei: “There was once a time when the States were governed by the principles of Gospel teaching.” Since the XIII century, everything went down, step by step, following the shrinking of Catholic states and minds. First step of the revolution: the HUMANISTIC revolution, or RENAISSANCE (XIV-XV centuries) Under the influence of Erasmus (1466-1536), man, instead of God was considered as the most important thing and the center of society; the supernatural life weakened inside souls as the court of the French King Francis 1st looked for worldly pleasure. It was the “Rebirth” (or “Renaissance” in the French) of naturalistic and humanistic principles. Second step of the revolution: the PROTESTANT revolution (XVI-XVII centuries) The apostate Catholic priest Martin Luther (1483-1546) removed the influence of the Catholic Church on souls and subsequently destroyed the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, most of the sacraments, grace, the papacy, keeping faith and reason alone. Descartes (1596-1650) achieved the weakening of souls, introducing subjectivism in philosophy. Third step of the revolution: the LIBERAL revolution (XVIII century) After the work of preparation of Freemasonry (founded in 1717) and of the German philosopher Emmanuel Kant (1724-1804), the spirit of “liberty, equality, fraternity” was fully displayed in the US revolution (1776), then in the French revolution (1789). Our Lord Jesus Christ, King of the world, was now totally removed from society. Fourth step of the revolution: the COMMUNIST revolution After the Communist Manifesto of Karl Marx (1818-1883), written in collaboration with the German philosopher Fridriech Engels (1820-1895), the Communist revolution outlawed God Himself from society. The idea of truth was totally destroyed with the “Thesis (truth), Antithesis (error or anti-truth), Synthesis (new truth)” of Engels. The truth did not exist anymore, but was a notion in constant self-mutation. Fifth step of the revolution: the SATANIC revolution This time, the natural law itself was destroyed. Saturated with sensual pleasures “according to nature,” people looked for pleasures “against nature” (homosexuality, rock ‘n’ roll, pornography). During the XIII century, society was “theocentrical,” centered on God; then it became humanistic, or centered on man; now it is centered on the devil! Sixth step of the revolution: the MODERNIST revolution inside the Catholic Church This step is the most dangerous of all the steps because the devil is now working inside the Mystical Body of Our Lord, the Immaculate Spouse of Christ. Vatican II Council (1961-1962) introduced the motto of the revolution inside the Church: religious liberty (liberty), collegiality (equality), ecumenism (fraternity). The wall of protection around the Church collapsed, leaving the entire property under the power of the devil.